The name of the Forbidden City is related to ancient Chinese philosophy and astronomy. Chinese believe that “heaven and human interaction” and “harmony between man and nature”. Therefore, the structure of the Imperial Palace is modeled on the legendary “heavenly palace”. In ancient astronomy, the stars were divided into three walls, surrounded by 28 homes, where Ziyuan is located in the center of the heavenly stems, and is the center of all stars. The Forbidden City is the “purple, purple, purple median” meaning world “in the middle of the palace is”. “Prohibition” means royalty, dignity and no intrusion.
In the 1406 ad, Yongle Emperor began to build the Imperial Palace in Ming Dynasty. In the history of Ming Dynasty, the construction of the world’s largest imperial palace made 100 thousand best craftsmen and 1 million ordinary laborers last 15 years. Since then, the Ming and Qing emperors have rebuilt and expanded many times, but their overall appearance has not changed much.
A total of 24 emperors lived in the Imperial Palace, the first one is the Yongle Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty, the last emperor of the Qing emperor Puyi xuantong.
After harmony three temple building in the great platform 8 meters wide, a total area of about 85000 square meters. The hall of Supreme Harmony is the most magnificent and brilliant. It is 60.1 meters wide, 33.33 meters deep and 35.05 meters high. The emperor’s accession to the throne, the marriage, the enclosing and the death of the emperor will be held in a grand ceremony. At the time, thousands of people called “long live”, and hundreds of ceremonial weapons are in full bloom. The hall of harmony of emperor Taihe is the place where the emperor rests and receives worship before major ceremonies.
The inner court includes the emperors and their concubines where the emperor and his concubines live in the six palace and the six Palace on both sides of the East and the West. In the north of the residential area, there is a small and chic Imperial Garden, which is the place where royalty play. The Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty emperors were living in the palace, the queen lived in the palace of earthly tranquility, the palace is the Queen’s activities. In the middle and late Qing Dynasty, the emperor and empress were all moved to the six palace in the west, the most famous is the hall of nourishing the heart. From emperor Yong Zheng, it became the emperor’s political and dormitory residence, and the Empress Dowager Ci Xi also took the curtain on the curtain. The time lasted for more than 40 years.
The Imperial Palace house has 9999 rooms, each door is a 9 bronze nail anyway. This peculiar phenomenon is related to ancient Chinese’s understanding of numbers. The ancient people thought that the word “9” is the largest number in the number. The emperor is the largest in the world, so we must use the corresponding “9”. The homophonic “9” is “long”, which means “forever”. So it means “Jiangshan” will last forever and never change color.
The Wenhua hall in the Imperial Palace has collected the archives of the central and local organs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty for more than 500 years, with a total of 74 files and more than 1000 million, which is the largest and most valuable historical data in China. Wen Yuan GE has a complete “Si Ku Quan Shu”, which contains the most important academic works in ancient China. There are 3503 books and 6304 volumes.
There are more than 10 Tibetan pavilions in the Forbidden City, including the ancient art museum, art museum, painting Museum, Qing palace toy hall, bronze Museum, ceramic hall, watch halls, treasure galleries, inscription halls and Ming and Qing furniture pavilions. There are about 1 million precious collections, some of which are isolated, only in the Imperial Palace.